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    Ethiopia Index 2006

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    Ethiopia Government - 2006
    https://theodora.com/wfbcurrent/ethiopia/ethiopia_government.html
    SOURCE: 2006 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Country name:
      conventional long form: Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia
      conventional short form: Ethiopia
      local long form: Ityop'iya Federalawi Demokrasiyawi Ripeblik
      local short form: Ityop'iya
      former: Abyssinia, Italian East Africa
      abbreviation: FDRE

      Government type:
      federal republic

      Capital:
      Addis Ababa

      Administrative divisions:
      9 ethnically-based states (kililoch, singular - kilil) and 2 self-governing administrations* (astedaderoch, singular - astedader); Adis Abeba* (Addis Ababa), Afar, Amara (Amhara), Binshangul Gumuz, Dire Dawa*, Gambela Hizboch (Gambela Peoples), Hareri Hizb (Harari People), Oromiya (Oromia), Sumale (Somali), Tigray, Ye Debub Biheroch Bihereseboch na Hizboch (Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples)

      Independence:
      oldest independent country in Africa and one of the oldest in the world - at least 2,000 years

      National holiday:
      National Day (defeat of MENGISTU regime), 28 May (1991)

      Constitution:
      ratified December 1994, effective 22 August 1995

      Legal system:
      currently transitional mix of national and regional courts

      Suffrage:
      18 years of age; universal

      Executive branch:
      chief of state: President GIRMA Woldegiorgis (since 8 October 2001)
      head of government: Prime Minister MELES Zenawi (since NA August 1995)
      cabinet: Council of Ministers as provided for in the December 1994 constitution; ministers are selected by the prime minister and approved by the House of People's Representatives
      elections: president elected by the House of People's Representatives for a six-year term; election last held 8 October 2001 (next to be held October 2007); prime minister designated by the party in power following legislative elections
      election results: GIRMA Woldegiorgis elected president; percent of vote by the House of People's Representatives - 100%

      Legislative branch:
      bicameral Parliament consists of the House of Federation or upper chamber (108 seats; members are chosen by state assemblies to serve five-year terms) and the House of People's Representatives or lower chamber (547 seats; members are directly elected by popular vote from single-member districts to serve five-year terms)
      elections: last held 15 May 2005 (next to be held in 2010)
      election results: percent of vote - NA%; seats by party - EPRDF 327, CUD 109, UEDF 52, SPDP 23, OFDM 11, BGPDUF 8, ANDP 8, independent 1, others 6, undeclared 2
      note: irregularities at some polling stations necessitated the rescheduling of voting in certain constituencies

      Judicial branch:
      Federal Supreme Court (the president and vice president of the Federal Supreme Court are recommended by the prime minister and appointed by the House of People's Representatives; for other federal judges, the prime minister submits to the House of People's Representatives for appointment candidates selected by the Federal Judicial Administrative Council)

      Political parties and leaders:
      Afar National Democratic Party or ANDP; Benishangul Gumuz People's Democratic Unity Front or BGPDUF [Mulualem BESSE]; Coalition for Unity and Democracy or CUD [HAILU Shawel]; Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front or EPRDF [MELES Zenawi] (an alliance of Amhara National Democratic Movement or ANDM, Oromo People's Democratic Organization or OPDO, the South Ethiopean People's Democratic Front or SEPDF, and TigrAyan Peoples' Liberation Front or TPLF); Gurage Nationalities' Democratic Movement or GNDM; Oromo Federalist Democratic Movement or OFDM [BULCHA Demeksa]; Somali People's Democratic Party or SPDP; United Ethopian Democratic Forces or UEDF [BEYENE Petros]; dozens of small parties

      Political pressure groups and leaders:
      Afar Revolutionary Democratic Union Front or ARDUF; Oromo Liberation Front or OLF [DAOUD Ibsa]; Oromo National Liberation Front or ONLF

      International organization participation:
      ACP, AfDB, AU, COMESA, FAO, G-24, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IGAD, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM (observer), IPU, ISO, ITU, MIGA, NAM, ONUB, OPCW, PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNMIL, UPU, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTO (observer)

      Diplomatic representation in the US:
      chief of mission: Ambassador KASSAHUN Ayele
      chancery: 3506 International Drive NW, Washington, DC 20008
      telephone: [1] (202) 364-1200
      FAX: [1] (202) 587-0195
      consulate(s) general: Los Angeles
      consulate(s): New York

      Diplomatic representation from the US:
      chief of mission: Ambassador (vacant); Charge d'Affaires Vicki HUDDLESTON
      embassy: Entoto Street, Addis Ababa
      mailing address: P. O. Box 1014, Addis Ababa
      telephone: [251] (1) 517-4000
      FAX: [251] (1) 517-4888

      Flag description:
      three equal horizontal bands of green (top), yellow, and red with a yellow pentagram and single yellow rays emanating from the angles between the points on a light blue disk centered on the three bands; Ethiopia is the oldest independent country in Africa, and the three main colors of her flag were so often adopted by other African countries upon independence that they became known as the pan-African colors


      NOTE: The information regarding Ethiopia on this page is re-published from the 2006 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Ethiopia Government 2006 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Ethiopia Government 2006 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    https://theodora.com/wfbcurrent/ethiopia/ethiopia_government.html

    Revised 06-Jun-06
    Copyright © 2006 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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