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    Nauru Index 2006

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    Nauru Economy - 2006

      Economy - overview:
      Revenues of this tiny island have traditionally come from exports of phosphates, now significantly depleted. An Australian company in 2005 entered into an agreement intended to exploit remaining supplies. Few other resources exist with most necessities being imported, mainly from Australia, its former occupier and later major source of support. The rehabilitation of mined land and the replacement of income from phosphates are serious long-term problems. In anticipation of the exhaustion of Nauru's phosphate deposits, substantial amounts of phosphate income were invested in trust funds to help cushion the transition and provide for Nauru's economic future. As a result of heavy spending from the trust funds, the government faces virtual bankruptcy. To cut costs the government has frozen wages and reduced overstaffed public service departments. In 2005, the deterioration in housing, hospitals, and other capital plant continued, and the cost to Australia of keeping the government and economy afloat continued to climb. Few comprehensive statistics on the Nauru economy exist, with estimates of Nauru's GDP varying widely.

      GDP (purchasing power parity):
      $60 million (2005 est.)

      GDP (official exchange rate):

      GDP - real growth rate:

      GDP - per capita (PPP):
      $5,000 (2005 est.)

      GDP - composition by sector:
      agriculture: NA%
      industry: NA%
      services: NA%

      Labor force - by occupation:
      note: employed in mining phosphates, public administration, education, and transportation

      Unemployment rate:
      90% (2004 est.)

      Population below poverty line:

      Household income or consumption by percentage share:
      lowest 10%: NA%
      highest 10%: NA%

      Inflation rate (consumer prices):
      -3.6% (1993)

      revenues: $13.5 million
      expenditures: $13.5 million (2005)

      Agriculture - products:

      phosphate mining, offshore banking, coconut products

      Industrial production growth rate:

      Electricity - production:
      23 million kWh (2003)

      Electricity - consumption:
      21.39 million kWh (2003)

      Electricity - exports:
      0 kWh (2003)

      Electricity - imports:
      0 kWh (2003)

      Oil - production:
      0 bbl/day (2003 est.)

      Oil - consumption:
      1,000 bbl/day (2003 est.)

      Oil - exports:
      NA bbl/day

      Oil - imports:
      NA bbl/day

      Natural gas - production:
      0 cu m (2003 est.)

      Natural gas - consumption:
      0 cu m (2003 est.)

      $64,000 f.o.b. (2005 est.)

      Exports - commodities:

      Exports - partners:
      South Africa 43.4%, Germany 20.7%, India 11.8%, Japan 7.2%, Poland 4% (2004)

      $20 million c.i.f. (2004 est.)

      Imports - commodities:
      food, fuel, manufactures, building materials, machinery

      Imports - partners:
      Australia 65.6%, Indonesia 5.4%, Germany 5.3%, UK 4.4% (2004)

      Debt - external:
      $33.3 million (2002)

      Economic aid - recipient:
      mostly from Australia

      Currency (code):
      Australian dollar (AUD)

      Exchange rates:
      Australian dollars per US dollar - 1.3095 (2005), 1.3598 (2004), 1.5419 (2003), 1.8406 (2002), 1.9334 (2001)

      Fiscal year:
      1 July - 30 June

      NOTE: The information regarding Nauru on this page is re-published from the 2006 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Nauru Economy 2006 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Nauru Economy 2006 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 06-Jun-06
    Copyright © 2006 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)