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    Peru Index 2006

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    Peru Government - 2006
    https://theodora.com/wfbcurrent/peru/peru_government.html
    SOURCE: 2006 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Country name:
      conventional long form: Republic of Peru
      conventional short form: Peru
      local long form: Republica del Peru
      local short form: Peru

      Government type:
      constitutional republic

      Capital:
      Lima

      Administrative divisions:
      25 regions (regiones, singular - region) and 1 province* (provincia); Amazonas, Ancash, Apurimac, Arequipa, Ayacucho, Cajamarca, Callao, Cusco, Huancavelica, Huanuco, Ica, Junin, La Libertad, Lambayeque, Lima, Lima*, Loreto, Madre de Dios, Moquegua, Pasco, Piura, Puno, San Martin, Tacna, Tumbes, Ucayali

      Independence:
      28 July 1821 (from Spain)

      National holiday:
      Independence Day, 28 July (1821)

      Constitution:
      31 December 1993

      Legal system:
      based on civil law system; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, with reservations

      Suffrage:
      18 years of age; universal and compulsory until the age of 70; note - members of the military and national police may not vote

      Executive branch:
      chief of state: President Alejandro TOLEDO Manrique (since 28 July 2001); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government; additionally, the constitution provides for two vice presidents, First Vice President (vacant) and Second Vice President David WAISMAN Rjavinsthi (since 28 July 2001)
      head of government: President Alejandro TOLEDO Manrique (since 28 July 2001); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government; additionally, the constitution provides for two vice presidents, First Vice President (vacant) and Second Vice President David WAISMAN Rjavinsthi (since 28 July 2001)
      note: Prime Minister Pedro Pablo KUCZYNSKI (since 25 August 2005) does not exercise executive power; this power is in the hands of the president
      cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the president
      elections: president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; special presidential and congressional elections held 8 April 2001, with runoff election held 3 June 2001; next to be held 9 April 2006
      election results: President Alejandro TOLEDO Manrique elected president in runoff election; percent of vote - Alejandro TOLEDO Manrique 53.1%, Alan GARCIA 46.9%

      Legislative branch:
      unicameral Congress of the Republic of Peru or Congreso de la Republica del Peru (120 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)
      elections: last held 8 April 2001 (next to be held 9 April 2006)
      election results: percent of vote by party - PP 26.3%, APRA 19.7%, UN 13.8%, FIM 11.0%, others 29.2%; seats by party - PP 47, APRA 28, UN 17, FIM 11, others 17

      Judicial branch:
      Supreme Court of Justice or Corte Suprema de Justicia (judges are appointed by the National Council of the Judiciary)

      Political parties and leaders:
      Independent Moralizing Front or FIM [Fernando OLIVERA Vega]; National Unity (Unidad Nacional) or UN [Lourdes FLORES Nano]; Peru Posible or PP [David WAISMAN]; Peruvian Aprista Party or PAP (also referred to by its original name Alianza Popular Revolucionaria Americana or APRA) [Alan GARCIA]; Peruvian Nationalist Party or PNP [Ollanta HUMALA]; Popular Action or AP [Javier DIAZ Orihuela]; Solucion Popular [Carlos BOLANA]; Somos Peru or SP [Alberto ANDRADE]; Union for Peru or UPP [Roger GUERRA Garcia]

      Political pressure groups and leaders:
      leftist guerrilla groups include Shining Path [Abimael GUZMAN Reynoso (imprisoned), Gabriel MACARIO (top leader at-large)]; Tupac Amaru Revolutionary Movement or MRTA [Victor POLAY (imprisoned), Hugo AVALLENEDA Valdez (top leader at-large)]

      International organization participation:
      APEC, CAN, CSN, FAO, G-15, G-24, G-77, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO (correspondent), ITU, LAES, LAIA, Mercosur (associate), MIGA, MINUSTAH, MONUC, NAM, OAS, ONUB, OPANAL, OPCW, PCA, RG, UN, UN Security Council (temporary), UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNMEE, UNMIL, UNMIS, UNOCI, UPU, WCL, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTO

      Diplomatic representation in the US:
      chief of mission: Ambassador Eduardo FERRERO Costa
      chancery: 1700 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20036
      telephone: [1] (202) 833-9860 through 9869
      FAX: [1] (202) 659-8124
      consulate(s) general: Boston, Chicago, Denver, Hartford, Houston, Los Angeles, Miami, New York, Paterson (New Jersey), San Francisco, Washington, DC

      Diplomatic representation from the US:
      chief of mission: Ambassador J. Curtis STRUBLE
      embassy: Avenida La Encalada, Cuadra 17s/n, Surco, Lima 33
      mailing address: P. O. Box 1995, Lima 1; American Embassy (Lima), APO AA 34031-5000
      telephone: [51] (1) 434-3000
      FAX: [51] (1) 618-2397

      Flag description:
      three equal, vertical bands of red (hoist side), white, and red with the coat of arms centered in the white band; the coat of arms features a shield bearing a vicuna, cinchona tree (the source of quinine), and a yellow cornucopia spilling out gold coins, all framed by a green wreath


      NOTE: The information regarding Peru on this page is re-published from the 2006 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Peru Government 2006 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Peru Government 2006 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    https://theodora.com/wfbcurrent/peru/peru_government.html

    Revised 06-Jun-06
    Copyright © 2006 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


    CTR060106