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    Portugal Index 2006

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    Portugal Economy - 2006
    https://theodora.com/wfbcurrent/portugal/portugal_economy.html
    SOURCE: 2006 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Economy - overview:
      Portugal has become a diversified and increasingly service-based economy since joining the European Community in 1986. Over the past decade, successive governments have privatized many state-controlled firms and liberalized key areas of the economy, including the financial and telecommunications sectors. The country qualified for the European Monetary Union (EMU) in 1998 and began circulating the euro on 1 January 2002 along with 11 other EU member economies. Economic growth had been above the EU average for much of the past decade, but fell back in 2001-05. GDP per capita stands at two-thirds that of the Big Four EU economies. A poor educational system, in particular, has been an obstacle to greater productivity and growth. Portugal has been increasingly overshadowed by lower-cost producers in Central Europe and Asia as a target for foreign direct investment. The government faces tough choices in its attempts to boost Portugal's economic competitiveness while keeping the budget deficit within the eurozone's 3%-of-GDP ceiling.

      GDP (purchasing power parity):
      $196.3 billion (2005 est.)

      GDP (official exchange rate):
      $169 billion (2005 est.)

      GDP - real growth rate:
      0.8% (2005 est.)

      GDP - per capita (PPP):
      $18,600 (2005 est.)

      GDP - composition by sector:
      agriculture: 5.2%
      industry: 28.9%
      services: 65.9% (2005 est.)

      Labor force:
      5.52 million (2005 est.)

      Labor force - by occupation:
      agriculture: 10%
      industry: 30%
      services: 60% (1999 est.)

      Unemployment rate:
      7.3% (2005 est.)

      Population below poverty line:
      NA%

      Household income or consumption by percentage share:
      lowest 10%: 3.1%
      highest 10%: 28.4% (1995 est.)

      Distribution of family income - Gini index:
      38.5 (1997)

      Inflation rate (consumer prices):
      2.4% (2005 est.)

      Investment (gross fixed):
      21.7% of GDP (2005 est.)

      Budget:
      revenues: $78.84 billion
      expenditures: $90.27 billion; including capital expenditures of $NA (2005 est.)

      Public debt:
      69.4% of GDP (2005 est.)

      Agriculture - products:
      grain, potatoes, tomatoes, olives, grapes; sheep, cattle, goats, swine, poultry, dairy products; fish

      Industries:
      textiles and footwear; wood pulp, paper, and cork; metals and metalworking; oil refining; chemicals; fish canning; rubber and plastic products; ceramics; electronics and communications equipment; rail transportation equipment; aerospace equipment; ship construction and refurbishment; wine; tourism

      Industrial production growth rate:
      -0.1% (2005 est.)

      Electricity - production:
      44.32 billion kWh (2003)

      Electricity - consumption:
      44.01 billion kWh (2003)

      Electricity - exports:
      3.1 billion kWh (2003)

      Electricity - imports:
      5.9 billion kWh (2003)

      Oil - production:
      3,745 bbl/day (2003 est.)

      Oil - consumption:
      326,500 bbl/day (2003 est.)

      Oil - exports:
      28,830 bbl/day (2001)

      Oil - imports:
      357,300 bbl/day (2001)

      Natural gas - production:
      0 cu m (2003 est.)

      Natural gas - consumption:
      2.983 billion cu m (2003 est.)

      Natural gas - exports:
      0 cu m (2001 est.)

      Natural gas - imports:
      2.553 billion cu m (2001 est.)

      Current account balance:
      -$15 billion (2005 est.)

      Exports:
      $38.8 billion f.o.b. (2005 est.)

      Exports - commodities:
      clothing and footwear, machinery, chemicals, cork and paper products, hides

      Exports - partners:
      Spain 24.9%, France 14%, Germany 13.4%, UK 9.6%, US 6.1%, Italy 4.3% (2004)

      Imports:
      $60.35 billion f.o.b. (2005 est.)

      Imports - commodities:
      machinery and transport equipment, chemicals, petroleum, textiles, agricultural products

      Imports - partners:
      Spain 29.3%, Germany 14.3%, France 9.3%, Italy 6.1%, UK 4.6%, Netherlands 4.6% (2004)

      Reserves of foreign exchange and gold:
      $11 billion (2005 est.)

      Debt - external:
      $298.7 billion (30 June 2005 est.)

      Economic aid - donor:
      ODA, $271 million (1995)

      Currency (code):
      euro (EUR)
      note: on 1 January 1999, the European Monetary Union introduced the euro as a common currency to be used by financial institutions of member countries; on 1 January 2002, the euro became the sole currency for everyday transactions within the member countries

      Exchange rates:
      euros per US dollar - 0.8041 (2005), 0.8054 (2004), 0.886 (2003), 1.0626 (2002), 1.1175 (2001)

      Fiscal year:
      calendar year


      NOTE: The information regarding Portugal on this page is re-published from the 2006 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Portugal Economy 2006 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Portugal Economy 2006 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    https://theodora.com/wfbcurrent/portugal/portugal_economy.html

    Revised 06-Jun-06
    Copyright © 2006 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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