Support Our Sponsor
. . Flags of the World Maps of All Countries

  • |SEARCH|
  • |Main INDEX|
  • 2006 INDEX
  • Country Ranks
  • DEFINITIONS

    Turkmenistan Index 2006

    Turkmenistan Main Index


    . Feedback
  • geographic.org Home PageCountry Index

    Turkmenistan Government - 2006
    https://theodora.com/wfbcurrent/turkmenistan/turkmenistan_government.html
    SOURCE: 2006 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Country name:
      conventional long form: none
      conventional short form: Turkmenistan
      local long form: none
      local short form: Turkmenistan
      former: Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic

      Government type:
      republic; authoritarian presidential rule, with little power outside the executive branch

      Capital:
      Ashgabat

      Administrative divisions:
      5 provinces (welayatlar, singular - welayat): Ahal Welayaty (Ashgabat), Balkan Welayaty (Balkanabat), Dashoguz Welayaty, Lebap Welayaty (Turkmenabat), Mary Welayaty
      note: administrative divisions have the same names as their administrative centers (exceptions have the administrative center name following in parentheses)

      Independence:
      27 October 1991 (from the Soviet Union)

      National holiday:
      Independence Day, 27 October (1991)

      Constitution:
      adopted 18 May 1992

      Legal system:
      based on civil law system

      Suffrage:
      18 years of age; universal

      Executive branch:
      chief of state: President and Chairman of the Cabinet of Ministers Saparmurat NIYAZOV (since 27 October 1990, when the first direct presidential election occurred); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government
      head of government: President and Chairman of the Cabinet of Ministers Saparmurat NIYAZOV (since 27 October 1990, when the first direct presidential election occurred); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government
      cabinet: Cabinet of Ministers appointed by the president
      note: NIYAZOV's term in office was extended indefinitely on 28 December 1999 during a session of the People's Council (Halk Maslahaty); in November 2005 the People's Council voted down NIYAZOV's suggestion to hold presidential elections in 2009
      elections: president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; election last held 21 June 1992; note - President NIYAZOV was unanimously approved as president for life by the People's Council on 28 December 1999; deputy chairmen of the Cabinet of Ministers are appointed by the president
      election results: Saparmurat NIYAZOV elected president without opposition; percent of vote - Saparmurat NIYAZOV 99.5%

      Legislative branch:
      under the 1992 constitution, there are two parliamentary bodies, a unicameral People's Council or Halk Maslahaty (supreme legislative body of up to 2,500 delegates, some of whom are elected by popular vote and some of whom are appointed; meets at least yearly) and a unicameral Parliament or Mejlis (50 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms); membership is scheduled to be increased to 65 seats
      elections: People's Council - last held in April 2003 (next to be held December 2008); Mejlis - last held 19 December 2004 (next to be held December 2008)
      election results: Mejlis - DPT 100%; seats by party - DPT 50; note - all 50 elected officials are members of the Democratic Party of Turkmenistan and are preapproved by President NIYAZOV
      note: in late 2003, a new law was adopted, reducing the powers of the Mejlis and making the Halk Maslahaty the supreme legislative organ; the Halk Maslahaty can now legally dissolve the Mejlis, and the president is now able to participate in the Mejlis as its supreme leader; the Mejlis can no longer adopt or amend the constitution, or announce referendums or its elections; since the president is both the "Chairman for Life" of the Halk Maslahaty and the supreme leader of the Mejlis, the 2003 law has the effect of making him the sole authority of both the executive and legislative branches of government

      Judicial branch:
      Supreme Court (judges are appointed by the president)

      Political parties and leaders:
      Democratic Party of Turkmenistan or DPT [Saparmurat NIYAZOV]
      note: formal opposition parties are outlawed; unofficial, small opposition movements exist underground or in foreign countries; the two most prominent opposition groups-in-exile have been National Democratic Movement of Turkmenistan (NDMT) and the United Democratic Party of Turkmenistan (UDPT); NDMT was led by former Foreign Minister Boris SHIKHMURADOV until his arrest and imprisonment in the wake of the 25 November 2002 assassination attempt on President NIYAZOV; UDPT is led by former Foreign Minister Abdy KULIEV and is based out of Moscow

      Political pressure groups and leaders:
      NA

      International organization participation:
      AsDB, CIS (associate), EAPC, EBRD, ECO, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDB, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM (observer), ISO (correspondent), ITU, MIGA, NAM, OIC, OPCW, OSCE, PFP, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO

      Diplomatic representation in the US:
      chief of mission: Ambassador Meret Bairamovich ORAZOV
      chancery: 2207 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008
      telephone: [1] (202) 588-1500
      FAX: [1] (202) 588-0697

      Diplomatic representation from the US:
      chief of mission: Ambassador Tracey A. JACOBSON
      embassy: No. 9 1984 Street (formerly Pushkin Street), Ashgabat, Turkmenistan 774000
      mailing address: 7070 Ashgabat Place, Washington, D.C. 20521-7070
      telephone: [9] (9312) 35-00-45
      FAX: [9] (9312) 39-26-14

      Flag description:
      green field with a vertical red stripe near the hoist side, containing five tribal guls (designs used in producing carpets) stacked above two crossed olive branches similar to the olive branches on the UN flag; a white crescent moon representing Islam with five white stars representing the regions or velayats of Turkmenistan appear in the upper corner of the field just to the fly side of the red stripe


      NOTE: The information regarding Turkmenistan on this page is re-published from the 2006 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Turkmenistan Government 2006 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Turkmenistan Government 2006 should be addressed to the CIA.

    Support Our Sponsor

    Support Our Sponsor

    Please ADD this page to your FAVORITES - - - - -


    https://theodora.com/wfbcurrent/turkmenistan/turkmenistan_government.html

    Revised 06-Jun-06
    Copyright © 2006 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


    CTR060106