British Virgin Islands Economy - 2023


SOURCE: 2023 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

Economic overview

British Caribbean island territorial economy; strong tourism and services industries; vulnerable to hurricanes; navigating public debt insolvency since 2008 Crisis; considered a tax haven; high electrification costs; major rum exporter

Real GDP (purchasing power parity)

$500 million (2017 est.)

$490.2 million (2016 est.)

$481.1 million (2015 est.)

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Real GDP growth rate

2% (2017 est.)

1.9% (2016 est.)

1.8% (2015 est.)

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Real GDP per capita

$34,200 (2017 est.)

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GDP (official exchange rate)

$1.38 billion (2018 est.)

Inflation rate (consumer prices)

4.2% (2022 est.)

2.8% (2021 est.)

0.4% (2020 est.)

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GDP - composition, by sector of origin

agriculture: 0.2% (2017 est.)

industry: 6.8% (2017 est.)

services: 93.1% (2017 est.)

GDP - composition, by end use

household consumption: 25.1% (2017 est.)

government consumption: 7.5% (2017 est.)

investment in fixed capital: 21.7% (2017 est.)

investment in inventories: 20.4% (2017 est.)

exports of goods and services: 94.7% (2017 est.)

imports of goods and services: -69.4% (2017 est.)

Agricultural products

fruits, vegetables; livestock, poultry; fish

Industries

tourism, light industry, construction, rum, concrete block, offshore banking center

Industrial production growth rate

1.1% (2017 est.)

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Labor force

12,770 (2004)

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Labor force - by occupation

agriculture: 0.6%

industry: 40%

services: 59.4% (2005)

Unemployment rate

2.9% (2015 est.)

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Population below poverty line

NA

Household income or consumption by percentage share

lowest 10%: NA

highest 10%: NA

Budget

revenues: $400 million (2017 est.)

expenditures: $400 million (2017 est.)

Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)

0% (of GDP) (2017 est.)

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Taxes and other revenues

38.9% (of GDP) (2017 est.)

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Fiscal year

1 April - 31 March

Current account balance

$362.6 million (2011 est.)

$279.8 million (2010 est.)

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Exports

$23 million (2017 est.)

$23 million (2015 est.)

note: Data are in current year dollars and do not include illicit exports or re-exports.

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Exports - partners

Malta 30%, Seychelles 29%, Switzerland 14% (2019)

Exports - commodities

aircraft, recreational boats, ships, hydrogen, halogens (2021)

Imports

$300 million (2017 est.) NA

$210 million (2016 est.)

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Imports - partners

Germany 32%, United States 22%, Italy 9%, France 7%, Seychelles 7% (2019)

Imports - commodities

recreational boats, aircraft, refined petroleum, cars, furniture (2019)

Debt - external

$36.1 million (1997)

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Exchange rates

the US dollar is used

NOTE: The information regarding British Virgin Islands on this page is re-published from the 2023 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency and other sources. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of British Virgin Islands 2023 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about British Virgin Islands 2023 should be addressed to the CIA or the source cited on each page.

This page was last modified 22 Aug 23, Copyright © 2023 ITA all rights reserved.