Chile People - 2023


GEOGRAPHICAL NAMES  Spanish Simplified Chinese French German Russian Hindi Arabic Portuguese


18,549,457 (2023 est.)


noun: Chilean(s)

adjective: Chilean

Ethnic groups

White and non-Indigenous 88.9%, Mapuche 9.1%, Aymara 0.7%, other Indigenous groups 1% (includes Rapa Nui, Likan Antai, Quechua, Colla, Diaguita, Kawesqar, Yagan or Yamana), unspecified 0.3% (2012 est.)


Spanish 99.5% (official), English 10.2%, Indigenous 1% (includes Mapudungun, Aymara, Quechua, Rapa Nui), other 2.3%, unspecified 0.2%; note - shares sum to more than 100% because some respondents gave more than one answer on the census (2012 est.)

major-language sample(s):
La Libreta Informativa del Mundo, la fuente indispensable de información básica. (Spanish)

The World Factbook, the indispensable source for basic information.

Spanish audio sample:


Roman Catholic 60%, Evangelical 18%, atheist or agnostic 4%, none 17% (2018 est.)

Demographic profile

Chile is in the advanced stages of demographic transition and is becoming an aging society - with fertility below replacement level, low mortality rates, and life expectancy on par with developed countries. Nevertheless, with its dependency ratio nearing its low point, Chile could benefit from its favorable age structure. It will need to keep its large working-age population productively employed, while preparing to provide for the needs of its growing proportion of elderly people, especially as women - the traditional caregivers - increasingly enter the workforce. Over the last two decades, Chile has made great strides in reducing its poverty rate, which is now lower than most Latin American countries. However, its severe income inequality ranks as the worst among members of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development. Unequal access to quality education perpetuates this uneven income distribution.

Chile has historically been a country of emigration but has slowly become more attractive to immigrants since transitioning to democracy in 1990 and improving its economic stability (other regional destinations have concurrently experienced deteriorating economic and political conditions). Most of Chile's small but growing foreign-born population consists of transplants from other Latin American countries, especially Peru.

Age structure

0-14 years: 19.34% (male 1,829,801/female 1,758,137)

15-64 years: 67.56% (male 6,259,566/female 6,273,074)

65 years and over: 13.09% (2023 est.) (male 1,024,692/female 1,404,187)

Dependency ratios

total dependency ratio: 45.2

youth dependency ratio: 26.8

elderly dependency ratio: 18.4

potential support ratio: 5.4 (2021 est.)

Median age

total: 35.5 years

male: 34.3 years

female: 36.7 years (2020 est.)

Population growth rate

0.63% (2023 est.)

Birth rate

12.57 births/1,000 population (2023 est.)

Death rate

6.58 deaths/1,000 population (2023 est.)

Net migration rate

0.32 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2023 est.)

Population distribution

90% of the population is located in the middle third of the country around the capital of Santiago; the far north (anchored by the Atacama Desert) and the extreme south are relatively underpopulated


urban population: 88% of total population (2023)

rate of urbanization: 0.78% annual rate of change (2020-25 est.)

total population growth rate v. urban population growth rate, 2000-2030

Major urban areas - population

6.903 million SANTIAGO (capital), 1.009 million Valparaiso, 912,000 Concepcion (2023)

Sex ratio

at birth: 1.04 male(s)/female

0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 1 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.73 male(s)/female

total population: 0.97 male(s)/female (2023 est.)

Maternal mortality ratio

15 deaths/100,000 live births (2020 est.)

Infant mortality rate

total: 6.41 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 6.98 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 5.82 deaths/1,000 live births (2023 est.)

Life expectancy at birth

total population: 80.02 years

male: 77.04 years

female: 83.13 years (2023 est.)

Total fertility rate

1.75 children born/woman (2023 est.)

Gross reproduction rate

0.86 (2023 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

76.3% (2015/16)

Drinking water source

improved: urban: 100% of population

rural: 100% of population

total: 100% of population

unimproved: urban: 0% of population

rural: 0% of population

total: 0% of population (2020 est.)

Current health expenditure

9.8% of GDP (2020)

Physicians density

2.84 physicians/1,000 population (2020)

Hospital bed density

2.1 beds/1,000 population (2018)

Sanitation facility access

improved: urban: 100% of population

rural: 100% of population

total: 100% of population

unimproved: urban: 0% of population

rural: 0% of population

total: 0% of population (2020 est.)

Obesity - adult prevalence rate

28% (2016)

Alcohol consumption per capita

total: 7.8 liters of pure alcohol (2019 est.)

beer: 2.76 liters of pure alcohol (2019 est.)

wine: 2.61 liters of pure alcohol (2019 est.)

spirits: 2.43 liters of pure alcohol (2019 est.)

other alcohols: 0 liters of pure alcohol (2019 est.)

Tobacco use

total: 29.2% (2020 est.)

male: 31.6% (2020 est.)

female: 26.8% (2020 est.)

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

0.5% (2014)

Currently married women (ages 15-49)

46.3% (2023 est.)

Education expenditures

5.6% of GDP (2019 est.)


definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 97%

male: 97.1%

female: 97% (2021)

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)

total: 17 years

male: 16 years

female: 17 years (2020)

Youth unemployment rate (ages 15-24)

total: 21.4%

male: 20.4%

female: 22.8% (2021 est.)

NOTE: The information regarding Chile on this page is re-published from the 2023 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency and other sources. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Chile 2023 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Chile 2023 should be addressed to the CIA or the source cited on each page.

This page was last modified 06 Dec 23, Copyright © 2023 ITA all rights reserved.