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El Salvador People 2020

SOURCE: 2020 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











El Salvador People 2020
SOURCE: 2020 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on January 27, 2020

Population:
6,481,102 (July 2020 est.)
country comparison to the world (CIA rank, may be based on non-current data): 109
[see also: Population country ranks ]
[see also: Population country ranks ]

Nationality:
noun: Salvadoran(s)
adjective: Salvadoran

Ethnic groups:
mestizo 86.3%, white 12.7%, Amerindian 0.2% (includes Lenca, Kakawira, Nahua-Pipil), black 0.1%, other 0.6% (2007 est.)

Languages:
Spanish (official), Nawat (among some Amerindians)

Religions:
Roman Catholic 50%, Protestant 36%, other 2%, none 12% (2014 est.)

Demographic profile:
El Salvador is the smallest and most densely populated country in Central America. It is well into its demographic transition, experiencing slower population growth, a decline in its number of youths, and the gradual aging of its population. The increased use of family planning has substantially lowered El Salvador's fertility rate, from approximately 6 children per woman in the 1970s to replacement level today. A 2008 national family planning survey showed that female sterilization remained the most common contraception method in El Salvador - its sterilization rate is among the highest in Latin America and the Caribbean - but that the use of injectable contraceptives is growing. Fertility differences between rich and poor and urban and rural women are narrowing.

Salvadorans fled during the 1979 to 1992 civil war mainly to the United States but also to Canada and to neighboring Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Costa Rica. Emigration to the United States increased again in the 1990s and 2000s as a result of deteriorating economic conditions, natural disasters (Hurricane Mitch in 1998 and earthquakes in 2001), and family reunification. At least 20% of El Salvador's population lives abroad. The remittances they send home account for close to 20% of GDP, are the second largest source of external income after exports, and have helped reduce poverty.

Age structure:
0-14 years: 25.83% (male 857,003/female 817,336)
[see also: Age structure - 0-14 years country ranks ]
15-24 years: 18.82% (male 619,368/female 600,501)
[see also: Age structure - 15-24 years country ranks ]
25-54 years: 40.51% (male 1,221,545/female 1,404,163)
[see also: Age structure - 25-54 years country ranks ]
55-64 years: 7.23% (male 198,029/female 270,461)
[see also: Age structure - 55-64 years country ranks ]
65 years and over: 7.6% (male 214,717/female 277,979) (2020 est.)


[see also: Age structure - 65 years and over country ranks ]
population pyramid:population pyramid
This is the population pyramid for El Salvador. A population pyramid illustrates the age and sex structure of a country's population and may provide insights about political and social stability, as well as economic development. The population is distributed along the horizontal axis, with males shown on the left and females on the right. The male and female populations are broken down into 5-year age groups represented as horizontal bars along the vertical axis, with the youngest age groups at the bottom and the oldest at the top. The shape of the population pyramid gradually evolves over time based on fertility, mortality, and international migration trends.

For additional information, please see the entry for Population pyramid on the Definitions and Notes page under the References tab.

Dependency ratios:
total dependency ratio: 56.8 (2015 est.)
[see also: Dependency ratios - total dependency ratio country ranks ]
youth dependency ratio: 44.4 (2015 est.)
[see also: Dependency ratios - youth dependency ratio country ranks ]
elderly dependency ratio: 12.4 (2015 est.)
[see also: Dependency ratios - elderly dependency ratio country ranks ]
potential support ratio: 8 (2015 est.)
[see also: Dependency ratios - potential support ratio country ranks ]

Median age:
total: 27.7 years
[see also: Median age - total country ranks ]
male: 26.2 years
[see also: Median age - male country ranks ]
female: 29.3 years (2020 est.)
[see also: Median age - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world (CIA rank, may be based on non-current data): 145

Population growth rate:
0.83% (2020 est.)
country comparison to the world (CIA rank, may be based on non-current data): 126
[see also: Population growth rate country ranks ]
[see also: Population growth rate country ranks ]

Birth rate:
18.6 births/1,000 population (2020 est.)
country comparison to the world (CIA rank, may be based on non-current data): 82
[see also: Birth rate country ranks ]
[see also: Birth rate country ranks ]

Death rate:
5.9 deaths/1,000 population (2020 est.)
country comparison to the world (CIA rank, may be based on non-current data): 170
[see also: Death rate country ranks ]
[see also: Death rate country ranks ]

Net migration rate:
-4.8 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2020 est.)
country comparison to the world (CIA rank, may be based on non-current data): 195
[see also: Net migration rate country ranks ]
[see also: Net migration rate country ranks ]

Population distribution:
athough it is the smallest country in land area in Central America, El Salvador has a population that is 18 times larger than Belize; at least 20% of the population lives abroad; high population density country-wide, with particular concentration around the capital of San Salvador

Urbanization:
urban population: 72.7% of total population (2019)
[see also: Urbanization - urban population country ranks ]
rate of urbanization: 1.57% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
[see also: Urbanization - rate of urbanization country ranks ]

Major urban areas - population:
1.106 million SAN SALVADOR (capital) (2019)

Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female (2020 est.)
[see also: Sex ratio - at birth country ranks ]
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female (2020 est.)
[see also: Sex ratio - 0-14 years country ranks ]
15-24 years: 1.03 male(s)/female (2020 est.)
[see also: Sex ratio - 15-24 years country ranks ]
25-54 years: 0.87 male(s)/female (2020 est.)
[see also: Sex ratio - 25-54 years country ranks ]
55-64 years: 0.73 male(s)/female (2020 est.)
[see also: Sex ratio - 55-64 years country ranks ]
65 years and over: 0.77 male(s)/female (2020 est.)
[see also: Sex ratio - 65 years and over country ranks ]
total population: 92.3 male(s)/female (2020 est.)
[see also: Sex ratio country ranks ]
[see also: Sex ratio country ranks ]

Mother's mean age at first birth:
20.8 years (2008 est.)
note: median age at first birth among women 25-29
[see also: Mother's mean age at first birth country ranks ]
[see also: Mother's mean age at first birth country ranks ]

Maternal mortality rate:
46 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world (CIA rank, may be based on non-current data): 95
[see also: Maternal mortality rate country ranks ]
[see also: Maternal mortality rate country ranks ]

Infant mortality rate:
total: 11.8 deaths/1,000 live births
[see also: Infant mortality rate - total country ranks ]
male: 13.4 deaths/1,000 live births
[see also: Infant mortality rate - male country ranks ]
female: 10.2 deaths/1,000 live births (2020 est.)
[see also: Infant mortality rate - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world (CIA rank, may be based on non-current data): 109

Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 74.8 years
[see also: Life expectancy at birth - total population country ranks ]
male: 71.3 years
[see also: Life expectancy at birth - male country ranks ]
female: 78.6 years (2020 est.)
[see also: Life expectancy at birth - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world (CIA rank, may be based on non-current data): 124
[See also: Healthy Life Expectancy ]
[See also: Health Performance ]

Total fertility rate:
2.09 children born/woman (2020 est.)
country comparison to the world (CIA rank, may be based on non-current data): 100
[see also: Total fertility rate country ranks ]
[see also: Total fertility rate country ranks ]

Contraceptive prevalence rate:
72% (2014)
[see also: Contraceptive prevalence rate country ranks ]
[see also: Contraceptive prevalence rate country ranks ]

Drinking water source:
improved:
urban: 97.5% of population
[see also: Drinking water source - improved - urban country ranks ]
rural: 86.5% of population
[see also: Drinking water source - improved - rural country ranks ]
total: 93.8% of population
unimproved:
urban: 2.5% of population
rural: 13.5% of population
total: 6.2% of population (2015 est.)

Current Health Expenditure:
7% (2016)
[see also: Current Health Expenditure country ranks ]

Physicians density:
1.57 physicians/1,000 population (2016)
[see also: Physicians density country ranks ]
[see also: Physicians density country ranks ]

Hospital bed density:
1.3 beds/1,000 population (2014)
[see also: Hospital bed density country ranks ]
[see also: Hospital bed density country ranks ]

Sanitation facility access:
improved:
urban: 82.4% of population (2015 est.)
[see also: Sanitation facility access - improved - urban country ranks ]
rural: 60% of population (2015 est.)
[see also: Sanitation facility access - improved - rural country ranks ]
total: 75% of population (2015 est.)
unimproved:
urban: 17.6% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 40% of population (2015 est.)
total: 25% of population (2015 est.)

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
0.6% (2018 est.)
country comparison to the world (CIA rank, may be based on non-current data): 61
[see also: HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]
[see also: HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
25,000 (2018 est.)
country comparison to the world (CIA rank, may be based on non-current data): 79
[see also: HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS country ranks ]
[see also: HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - deaths:
<1000 (2018 est.)
[see also: HIV/AIDS - deaths country ranks ]
[see also: HIV/AIDS - deaths country ranks ]

Major infectious diseases:
degree of risk: high (2016)
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea (2016)
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever (2016)
note: active local transmission of Zika virus by Aedes species mosquitoes has been identified in this country (as of August 2016); it poses an important risk (a large number of cases possible) among US citizens if bitten by an infective mosquito; other less common ways to get Zika are through sex, via blood transfusion, or during pregnancy, in which the pregnant woman passes Zika virus to her fetus

Obesity - adult prevalence rate:
24.6% (2016)
country comparison to the world (CIA rank, may be based on non-current data): 57
[see also: Obesity - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]
[see also: Obesity - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

Children under the age of 5 years underweight:
5% (2014)
country comparison to the world (CIA rank, may be based on non-current data): 82
[see also: Children under the age of 5 years underweight country ranks ]
[see also: Children under the age of 5 years underweight country ranks ]

Education expenditures:
3.8% of GDP (2017)
country comparison to the world (CIA rank, may be based on non-current data): 110
[see also: Education expenditures country ranks ]
[see also: Education expenditures country ranks ]

Literacy:
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 88.1%
[see also: Literacy - total population country ranks ]
male: 90.3%
[see also: Literacy - male country ranks ]
female: 86.3% (2016)
[see also: Literacy - female country ranks ]

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
total: 12 years
[see also: School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education) - total country ranks ]
male: 12 years
[see also: School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education) - male country ranks ]
female: 12 years
[see also: School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education) - male country ranks ] (2016)

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
total: 10.1%
[see also: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 - total country ranks ]
male: 8.8%
[see also: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 - male country ranks ]
female: 12.2% (2017)
[see also: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world (CIA rank, may be based on non-current data): 128


NOTE: 1) The information regarding El Salvador on this page is re-published from the 2020 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency and other sources. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of El Salvador People 2020 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about El Salvador People 2020 should be addressed to the CIA or the source cited on each page.
2) The rank that you see is the CIA reported rank, which may have the following issues:
  a) They assign increasing rank number, alphabetically for countries with the same value of the ranked item, whereas we assign them the same rank.
  b) The CIA sometimes assigns counterintuitive ranks. For example, it assigns unemployment rates in increasing order, whereas we rank them in decreasing order.






This page was last modified 27-Jan-20
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