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Gambia, The Geography 2020

SOURCE: 2020 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Gambia, The Geography 2020
SOURCE: 2020 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on January 27, 2020

Location:
Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean and Senegal

Geographic coordinates:
13 28 N, 16 34 W

Map references:
Africa

Area:
total: 11,300 sq km
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 10,120 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 1,180 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]
country comparison to the world (CIA rank, may be based on non-current data): 166

Area - comparative:
slightly less than twice the size of Delaware

Land boundaries:
total: 749 km
[see also: Land boundaries - total country ranks ]
border countries (1): Senegal 749 km

Coastline:
80 km
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 12 nm
[see also: Maritime claims - territorial sea country ranks ]
contiguous zone: 18 nm
[see also: Maritime claims - contiguous zone country ranks ]
continental shelf: extent not specified
[see also: Maritime claims - continental shelf country ranks ]
exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
[see also: Maritime claims - exclusive fishing zone country ranks ]

Climate:
tropical; hot, rainy season (June to November); cooler, dry season (November to May)
More Climate Details

Terrain:
flood plain of the Gambia River flanked by some low hills

Elevation:
mean elevation: 34 m
[see also: Elevation - mean elevation country ranks ]
lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
highest point: unnamed elevation 53 m

Natural resources:
fish, clay, silica sand, titanium (rutile and ilmenite), tin, zircon

Land use:
agricultural land: 56.1% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - agricultural land country ranks ]
arable land: 41% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - arable land country ranks ]
permanent crops: 0.5% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - permanent crops country ranks ]
permanent pasture: 14.6% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - permanent pasture country ranks ]
forest: 43.9% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - forest country ranks ]
other: 0% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use country ranks ]
[see also: Land use country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
50 sq km (2012)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Population distribution:
settlements are found scattered along the Gambia River; the largest communities, including the capital of Banjul, and the country's largest city, Serekunda, are found at the mouth of the Gambia River along the Atlantic coast

Natural hazards:
droughts

Environment - current issues:
deforestation due to slash-and-burn agriculture; desertification; water pollution; water-borne diseases

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography - note:
almost an enclave of Senegal; smallest country on the African mainland


NOTE: 1) The information regarding Gambia, The on this page is re-published from the 2020 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency and other sources. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Gambia, The Geography 2020 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Gambia, The Geography 2020 should be addressed to the CIA or the source cited on each page.
2) The rank that you see is the CIA reported rank, which may have the following issues:
  a) They assign increasing rank number, alphabetically for countries with the same value of the ranked item, whereas we assign them the same rank.
  b) The CIA sometimes assigns counterintuitive ranks. For example, it assigns unemployment rates in increasing order, whereas we rank them in decreasing order.






This page was last modified 27-Jan-20
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