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Haiti Geography 2019

SOURCE: 2019 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Haiti Geography 2019
SOURCE: 2019 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on February 08, 2019

Location:
Caribbean, western one-third of the island of Hispaniola, between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, west of the Dominican Republic

Geographic coordinates:
19 00 N, 72 25 W

Map references:
Central America and the Caribbean

Area:
total: 27,750 sq km
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 27,560 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 190 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 148

Area - comparative:
slightly smaller than Maryland


Area comparison map:Area comparison map

slightly smaller than Maryland

Land boundaries:
total: 376 km
[see also: Land boundaries - total country ranks ]
border countries (1): Dominican Republic 376 km

Coastline:
1,771 km
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 12 nm
[see also: Maritime claims - territorial sea country ranks ]
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
[see also: Maritime claims - exclusive economic zone country ranks ]
contiguous zone: 24 nm
[see also: Maritime claims - contiguous zone country ranks ]
continental shelf: to depth of exploitation
[see also: Maritime claims - continental shelf country ranks ]

Climate:
tropical; semiarid where mountains in east cut off trade winds
More Climate Details

Terrain:
mostly rough and mountainous

Elevation:
mean elevation: 470 m
[see also: Elevation - mean elevation country ranks ]
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Caribbean Sea
2680 highest point: Chaine de la Selle

Natural resources:
bauxite, copper, calcium carbonate, gold, marble, hydropower, arable land

Land use:
agricultural land: 66.4% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - agricultural land country ranks ]
arable land: 38.5% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - arable land country ranks ]
permanent crops: 10.2% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - permanent crops country ranks ]
permanent pasture: 17.7% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - permanent pasture country ranks ]
forest: 3.6% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - forest country ranks ]
other: 30% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
970 sq km (2012)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Population distribution:
fairly even distribution; largest concentrations located near coastal areas

Natural hazards:
lies in the middle of the hurricane belt and subject to severe storms from June to October; occasional flooding and earthquakes; periodic droughts

Environment - current issues:
extensive deforestation (much of the remaining forested land is being cleared for agriculture and used as fuel); soil erosion; overpopulation leads to inadequate supplies of potable water and and a lack of sanitation; natural disasters

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection
signed, but not ratified: Hazardous Wastes

Geography - note:
shares island of Hispaniola with Dominican Republic (western one-third is Haiti, eastern two-thirds is the Dominican Republic); it is the most mountainous nation in the Caribbean


NOTE: 1) The information regarding Haiti on this page is re-published from the 2019 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Haiti Geography 2019 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Haiti Geography 2019 should be addressed to the CIA.
2) The rank that you see is the CIA reported rank, which may habe the following issues:
  a) They assign increasing rank number, alphabetically for countries with the same value of the ranked item, whereas we assign them the same rank.
  b) The CIA sometimes assignes counterintuitive ranks. For example, it assigns unemployment rates in increasing order, whereas we rank them in decreasing order






This page was last modified 08-Feb-19
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