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Holy See Geography - 2024


GEOGRAPHICAL NAMES  Spanish Simplified Chinese French German Russian Hindi Arabic Portuguese


Southern Europe, an enclave of Rome (Italy)

Geographic coordinates

41 54 N, 12 27 E

Map references



total: 0 sq km

land: 0.44 sq km

water: 0 sq km

Area - comparative

about 0.7 times the size of the National Mall in Washington, DC

Area comparison map:

Land boundaries

total: 3.4 km

border countries (1): Italy 3.4 km


0 km (landlocked)

Maritime claims

none (landlocked)


temperate; mild, rainy winters (September to May) with hot, dry summers (May to September)


urban; low hill


highest point: Vatican Gardens (Vatican Hill) 78 m

lowest point: Saint Peter's Square 19 m

Natural resources


Land use

agricultural land: 0% (2018 est.)

other: 100% (2018 est.)

Natural hazards

occasional earthquakes

Geography - note

landlocked; an enclave in Rome, Italy; world's smallest state; beyond the territorial boundary of Vatican City, the Lateran Treaty of 1929 grants the Holy See extraterritorial authority over 23 sites in Rome and five outside of Rome, including the Pontifical Palace at Castel Gandolfo (the Pope's summer residence)

NOTE: The information regarding Holy See on this page is re-published from the 2024 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency and other sources. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Holy See 2024 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Holy See 2024 should be addressed to the CIA or the source cited on each page.

This page was last modified 04 May 24, Copyright © 2024 ITA all rights reserved.