Honduras People - 2023



9,571,352 (2023 est.)


noun: Honduran(s)

adjective: Honduran

Ethnic groups

Mestizo (mixed Amerindian and European) 90%, Amerindian 7%, African descent 2%, White 1%


Spanish (official), Amerindian dialects

major-language sample(s):
La Libreta Informativa del Mundo, la fuente indispensable de información básica. (Spanish)

The World Factbook, the indispensable source for basic information.

Spanish audio sample:


Evangelical/Protestant 48%, Roman Catholic 34%, other 1%, none 17% (2020 est.)

Demographic profile

Honduras is one of the poorest countries in Latin America and has one of the world's highest murder rates. More than half of the population lives in poverty and per capita income is one of the lowest in the region. Poverty rates are higher among rural and indigenous people and in the south, west, and along the eastern border than in the north and central areas where most of Honduras' industries and infrastructure are concentrated. The increased productivity needed to break Honduras' persistent high poverty rate depends, in part, on further improvements in educational attainment. Although primary-school enrollment is near 100%, educational quality is poor, the drop-out rate and grade repetition remain high, and teacher and school accountability is low.

Honduras' population growth rate has slowed since the 1990s and is now 1.2% annually with a birth rate that averages 2.1 children per woman and more among rural, indigenous, and poor women. Honduras' young adult population - ages 15 to 29 - is projected to continue growing rapidly for the next three decades and then stabilize or slowly shrink. Population growth and limited job prospects outside of agriculture will continue to drive emigration. Remittances represent about a fifth of GDP.

Age structure

0-14 years: 27.92% (male 1,352,581/female 1,319,338)

15-64 years: 66.18% (male 3,050,008/female 3,283,949)

65 years and over: 5.91% (2023 est.) (male 249,241/female 316,235)

Dependency ratios

total dependency ratio: 53.3

youth dependency ratio: 46.9

elderly dependency ratio: 6.4

potential support ratio: 15.5 (2021 est.)

Median age

total: 24.4 years

male: 23.5 years

female: 25.2 years (2020 est.)

Population growth rate

1.16% (2023 est.)

Birth rate

17.64 births/1,000 population (2023 est.)

Death rate

4.69 deaths/1,000 population (2023 est.)

Net migration rate

-1.32 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2023 est.)

Population distribution

most residents live in the mountainous western half of the country; unlike other Central American nations, Honduras is the only one with an urban population that is distributed between two large centers - the capital of Tegucigalpa and the city of San Pedro Sula; the Rio Ulua valley in the north is the only densely populated lowland area


urban population: 60.2% of total population (2023)

rate of urbanization: 2.48% annual rate of change (2020-25 est.)

total population growth rate v. urban population growth rate, 2000-2030

Major urban areas - population

1.568 million TEGUCIGALPA (capital), 982,000 San Pedro Sula (2023)

Sex ratio

at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female

0-14 years: 1.03 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 0.93 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.79 male(s)/female

total population: 0.95 male(s)/female (2023 est.)

Mother's mean age at first birth

20.3 years (2011/12 est.)

note: data represents median age a first birth among women 25-49

Maternal mortality ratio

72 deaths/100,000 live births (2020 est.)

Infant mortality rate

total: 14.77 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 16.88 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 12.59 deaths/1,000 live births (2023 est.)

Life expectancy at birth

total population: 75.43 years

male: 71.91 years

female: 79.06 years (2023 est.)

Total fertility rate

1.98 children born/woman (2023 est.)

Gross reproduction rate

0.97 (2023 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

69.4% (2019)

Drinking water source

improved: urban: 100% of population

rural: 90.7% of population

total: 96.1% of population

unimproved: urban: 0% of population

rural: 9.3% of population

total: 3.9% of population (2020 est.)

Current health expenditure

9% of GDP (2020)

Physicians density

0.5 physicians/1,000 population (2020)

Hospital bed density

0.6 beds/1,000 population (2017)

Sanitation facility access

improved: urban: 96.7% of population

rural: 87.9% of population

total: 93% of population

unimproved: urban: 3.3% of population

rural: 12.1% of population

total: 7% of population (2020 est.)

Major infectious diseases

degree of risk: high (2023)

food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever

vectorborne diseases: dengue fever

Obesity - adult prevalence rate

21.4% (2016)

Alcohol consumption per capita

total: 2.73 liters of pure alcohol (2019 est.)

beer: 1.6 liters of pure alcohol (2019 est.)

wine: 0.04 liters of pure alcohol (2019 est.)

spirits: 1.09 liters of pure alcohol (2019 est.)

other alcohols: 0 liters of pure alcohol (2019 est.)

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

7.1% (2011/12)

Currently married women (ages 15-49)

53.5% (2023 est.)

Education expenditures

6.4% of GDP (2020 est.)


definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 88.5%

male: 88.2%

female: 88.7% (2019)

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)

total: 10 years

male: 10 years

female: 11 years (2019)

Youth unemployment rate (ages 15-24)

total: 15.5%

male: 11.4%

female: 24.6% (2021 est.)

NOTE: The information regarding Honduras on this page is re-published from the 2023 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency and other sources. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Honduras 2023 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Honduras 2023 should be addressed to the CIA or the source cited on each page.

This page was last modified 10 Nov 23, Copyright © 2023 ITA all rights reserved.