Korea South People - 2023


GEOGRAPHICAL NAMES  Spanish Simplified Chinese French German Russian Hindi Arabic Portuguese


51,966,948 (2023 est.)


noun: Korean(s)

adjective: Korean

Ethnic groups



Korean, English (widely taught in elementary, junior high, and high school)

major-language sample(s):
월드 팩트북, 필수적인 기본 정보 제공처 (Korean)

The World Factbook, the indispensable source for basic information.

Korean audio sample:


Protestant 19.7%, Buddhist 15.5%, Catholic 7.9%, none 56.9% (2015 est.)

note: many people also carry on at least some Confucian traditions and practices

Age structure

0-14 years: 11.53% (male 3,072,352/female 2,916,984)

15-64 years: 70.1% (male 18,788,714/female 17,639,714)

65 years and over: 18.38% (2023 est.) (male 4,196,789/female 5,352,395)

Dependency ratios

total dependency ratio: 39.9

youth dependency ratio: 16.6

elderly dependency ratio: 23.3

potential support ratio: 4.3 (2021 est.)

Median age

total: 43.2 years

male: 41.6 years

female: 45 years (2020 est.)

Population growth rate

0.23% (2023 est.)

Birth rate

6.95 births/1,000 population (2023 est.)

Death rate

7.28 deaths/1,000 population (2023 est.)

Net migration rate

2.61 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2023 est.)

Population distribution

with approximately 70% of the country considered mountainous, the country's population is primarily concentrated in the lowland areas, where density is quite high; Gyeonggi Province in the northwest, which surrounds the capital of Seoul and contains the port of Incheon, is the most densely populated province; Gangwon in the northeast is the least populated


urban population: 81.5% of total population (2023)

rate of urbanization: 0.31% annual rate of change (2020-25 est.)

total population growth rate v. urban population growth rate, 2000-2030

Major urban areas - population

9.988 million SEOUL (capital), 3.472 million Busan, 2.849 million Incheon, 2.181 million Daegu (Taegu), 1.577 million Daejon (Taejon), 1.529 million Gwangju (Kwangju) (2023)

Sex ratio

at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female

0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 1.07 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.78 male(s)/female

total population: 1.01 male(s)/female (2023 est.)

Mother's mean age at first birth

32.2 years (2019 est.)

Maternal mortality ratio

8 deaths/100,000 live births (2020 est.)

Infant mortality rate

total: 2.83 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 3.04 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 2.6 deaths/1,000 live births (2023 est.)

Life expectancy at birth

total population: 83.17 years

male: 80.09 years

female: 86.42 years (2023 est.)

Total fertility rate

1.11 children born/woman (2023 est.)

note: some sources estimate the TFR to be as low as 0.78

Gross reproduction rate

0.54 (2023 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

82.3% (2018)

note: percent of women aged 20-49

Drinking water source

improved: urban: N/A

rural: N/A

total: 99.9% of population

unimproved: urban: N/A

rural: N/A

total: 0.1% of population (2020 est.)

Current health expenditure

8.4% of GDP (2020)

Physicians density

2.48 physicians/1,000 population (2019)

Hospital bed density

12.4 beds/1,000 population (2018)

Sanitation facility access

improved: urban: N/A

rural: N/A

total: 99.9% of population

unimproved: urban: N/A

rural: N/A

total: 0.1% of population (2020 est.)

Obesity - adult prevalence rate

4.7% (2016)

Alcohol consumption per capita

total: 7.74 liters of pure alcohol (2019 est.)

beer: 1.72 liters of pure alcohol (2019 est.)

wine: 0.15 liters of pure alcohol (2019 est.)

spirits: 0.22 liters of pure alcohol (2019 est.)

other alcohols: 5.66 liters of pure alcohol (2019 est.)

Tobacco use

total: 20.8% (2020 est.)

male: 35.7% (2020 est.)

female: 5.9% (2020 est.)

Children under the age of 5 years underweight


Currently married women (ages 15-49)

52.9% (2023 est.)

Education expenditures

4.7% of GDP (2019 est.)


total population: NA

male: NA

female: NA

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)

total: 17 years

male: 17 years

female: 16 years (2020)

Youth unemployment rate (ages 15-24)

total: 7.8%

male: 8.8%

female: 6.9% (2021 est.)

NOTE: The information regarding Korea South on this page is re-published from the 2023 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency and other sources. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Korea South 2023 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Korea South 2023 should be addressed to the CIA or the source cited on each page.

This page was last modified 06 Dec 23, Copyright © 2023 ITA all rights reserved.