Lebanon People - 2023



5,331,203 (2023 est.)

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noun: Lebanese (singular and plural)

adjective: Lebanese

Ethnic groups

Arab 95%, Armenian 4%, other 1%

note: many Christian Lebanese do not identify themselves as Arab but rather as descendants of the ancient Canaanites and prefer to be called Phoenicians


Arabic (official), French, English, Armenian

major-language sample(s):
كتاب حقائق العالم، المصدر الذي لا يمكن الاستغناء عنه للمعلومات الأساسية (Arabic)

The World Factbook, une source indispensable d'informations de base. (French)

The World Factbook, the indispensable source for basic information.

Arabic audio sample:French audio sample

Muslim 67.8% (31.9% Sunni, 31.2% Shia, smaller percentages of Alawites and Ismailis), Christian 32.4% (Maronite Catholics are the largest Christian group), Druze 4.5%, very small numbers of Jews, Baha'is, Buddhists, and Hindus (2020 est.)

note: data represent the religious affiliation of the citizen population (data do not include Lebanon's sizable Syrian and Palestinian refugee populations); 18 religious sects recognized

MENA religious affiliation

Age structure

0-14 years: 19.21% (male 524,172/female 500,185)

15-64 years: 71.69% (male 1,929,150/female 1,892,806)

65 years and over: 9.1% (2023 est.) (male 208,436/female 276,454)

2023 population pyramid

total dependency ratio: 59.3

youth dependency ratio: 44

elderly dependency ratio: 15.3

potential support ratio: 6.5 (2021 est.)

Median age

total: 33.7 years

male: 33.1 years

female: 34.4 years (2020 est.)

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Population growth rate

0.64% (2023 est.)

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Birth rate

12.86 births/1,000 population (2023 est.)

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Death rate

5.57 deaths/1,000 population (2023 est.)

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Net migration rate

-0.94 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2023 est.)

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Population distribution

the majority of the people live on or near the Mediterranean coast, and of these most live in and around the capital, Beirut; favorable growing conditions in the Bekaa Valley, on the southeastern side of the Lebanon Mountains, have attracted farmers and thus the area exhibits a smaller population density


urban population: 89.4% of total population (2023)

rate of urbanization: -1.23% annual rate of change (2020-25 est.)

total population growth rate v. urban population growth rate, 2000-2030

Major urban areas - population

2.421 million BEIRUT (capital) (2023)

Sex ratio

at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female

0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 1.02 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.75 male(s)/female

total population: 1 male(s)/female (2023 est.)

Maternal mortality ratio

21 deaths/100,000 live births (2020 est.)

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Infant mortality rate

total: 6.88 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 7.42 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 6.31 deaths/1,000 live births (2023 est.)

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Life expectancy at birth

total population: 79 years

male: 77.6 years

female: 80.46 years (2023 est.)

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Total fertility rate

1.71 children born/woman (2023 est.)

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Gross reproduction rate

0.83 (2023 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate


Drinking water source

improved: urban: NA

rural: NA

total: 100% of population

unimproved: urban: NA

rural: NA

total: 0% of population (2020 est.)

Current health expenditure

8% of GDP (2020)

Physicians density

2.21 physicians/1,000 population (2019)

Hospital bed density

2.7 beds/1,000 population (2017)

Sanitation facility access

improved: urban: NA

rural: NA

total: 100% of population

unimproved: urban: NA

rural: NA

total: 0% of population (2020 est.)

Obesity - adult prevalence rate

32% (2016)

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Alcohol consumption per capita

total: 1.14 liters of pure alcohol (2019 est.)

beer: 0.38 liters of pure alcohol (2019 est.)

wine: 0.21 liters of pure alcohol (2019 est.)

spirits: 0.53 liters of pure alcohol (2019 est.)

other alcohols: 0.02 liters of pure alcohol (2019 est.)

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Tobacco use

total: 38.2% (2020 est.)

male: 47.5% (2020 est.)

female: 28.9% (2020 est.)

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Children under the age of 5 years underweight


Currently married women (ages 15-49)

51.4% (2023 est.)

Child marriage

women married by age 15: 1.4%

women married by age 18: 6% (2016 est.)

Education expenditures

1.7% of GDP (2020 est.)

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definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 95.1%

male: 96.9%

female: 93.3% (2018)

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)

total: 11 years

male: 12 years

female: 11 years (2014)

Youth unemployment rate (ages 15-24)

total: 29.6%

male: 30.8%

female: 26.7% (2021 est.)

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NOTE: The information regarding Lebanon on this page is re-published from the 2023 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency and other sources. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Lebanon 2023 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Lebanon 2023 should be addressed to the CIA or the source cited on each page.

This page was last modified 22 Aug 23, Copyright © 2023 ITA all rights reserved.