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Moldova Geography 2019

SOURCE: 2019 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Moldova Geography 2019
SOURCE: 2019 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on February 08, 2019

Location:
Eastern Europe, northeast of Romania

Geographic coordinates:
47 00 N, 29 00 E

Map references:
Europe

Area:
total: 33,851 sq km
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 32,891 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 960 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 140

Area - comparative:
slightly larger than Maryland


Area comparison map:Area comparison map

slightly larger than Maryland

Land boundaries:
total: 1,885 km
[see also: Land boundaries - total country ranks ]
border countries (2): Romania 683 km, Ukraine 1202 km

Coastline:
0 km (landlocked)
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
none (landlocked)

Climate:
moderate winters, warm summers
More Climate Details

Terrain:
rolling steppe, gradual slope south to Black Sea

Elevation:
mean elevation: 139 m
[see also: Elevation - mean elevation country ranks ]
elevation extremes: 2 m lowest point: Dniester (Nistru)
430 highest point: Dealul Balanesti

Natural resources:
lignite, phosphorites, gypsum, limestone, arable land

Land use:
agricultural land: 74.9% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - agricultural land country ranks ]
arable land: 55.1% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - arable land country ranks ]
permanent crops: 9.1% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - permanent crops country ranks ]
permanent pasture: 10.7% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - permanent pasture country ranks ]
forest: 11.9% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - forest country ranks ]
other: 13.2% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
2,283 sq km (2012)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Population distribution:
pockets of agglomeration exist throughout the country, the largest being in the center of the country around the capital of Chisinau, followed by Tiraspol and Balti

Natural hazards:
landslides

Environment - current issues:
heavy use of agricultural chemicals, has contaminated soil and groundwater; extensive soil erosion and declining soil fertility from poor farming methods

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography - note:
landlocked; well endowed with various sedimentary rocks and minerals including sand, gravel, gypsum, and limestone


NOTE: 1) The information regarding Moldova on this page is re-published from the 2019 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Moldova Geography 2019 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Moldova Geography 2019 should be addressed to the CIA.
2) The rank that you see is the CIA reported rank, which may habe the following issues:
  a) They assign increasing rank number, alphabetically for countries with the same value of the ranked item, whereas we assign them the same rank.
  b) The CIA sometimes assignes counterintuitive ranks. For example, it assigns unemployment rates in increasing order, whereas we rank them in decreasing order






This page was last modified 08-Feb-19
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