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Nepal Geography 2019

SOURCE: 2019 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Nepal Geography 2019
SOURCE: 2019 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on February 08, 2019

Location:
Southern Asia, between China and India

Geographic coordinates:
28 00 N, 84 00 E

Map references:
Asia

Area:
total: 147,181 sq km
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 143,351 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 3,830 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 96

Area - comparative:
slightly larger than New York state


Area comparison map:Area comparison map

slightly larger than New York state

Land boundaries:
total: 3,159 km
[see also: Land boundaries - total country ranks ]
border countries (2): China 1389 km, India 1770 km

Coastline:
0 km (landlocked)
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
none (landlocked)

Climate:
varies from cool summers and severe winters in north to subtropical summers and mild winters in south
More Climate Details

Terrain:
Tarai or flat river plain of the Ganges in south; central hill region with rugged Himalayas in north

Elevation:
mean elevation: 2,565 m
[see also: Elevation - mean elevation country ranks ]
elevation extremes: 70 m lowest point: Kanchan Kalan
8848 highest point: Mount Everest (highest peak in Asia and highest point on earth above sea level)

Natural resources:
quartz, water, timber, hydropower, scenic beauty, small deposits of lignite, copper, cobalt, iron ore

Land use:
agricultural land: 28.8% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - agricultural land country ranks ]
arable land: 15.1% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - arable land country ranks ]
permanent crops: 1.2% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - permanent crops country ranks ]
permanent pasture: 12.5% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - permanent pasture country ranks ]
forest: 25.4% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - forest country ranks ]
other: 45.8% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
13,320 sq km (2012)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Population distribution:
most of the population is divided nearly equally between a concentration in the southern-most plains of the Tarai region and the central hilly region; overall density is quite low

Natural hazards:
severe thunderstorms; flooding; landslides; drought and famine depending on the timing, intensity, and duration of the summer monsoons

Environment - current issues:
deforestation (overuse of wood for fuel and lack of alternatives); forest degradation; soil erosion; contaminated water (with human and animal wastes, agricultural runoff, and industrial effluents); unmanaged solid-waste; wildlife conservation; vehicular emissions

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: Marine Life Conservation

Geography - note:
landlocked; strategic location between China and India; contains eight of world's 10 highest peaks, including Mount Everest and Kanchenjunga - the world's tallest and third tallest mountains - on the borders with China and India respectively


NOTE: 1) The information regarding Nepal on this page is re-published from the 2019 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Nepal Geography 2019 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Nepal Geography 2019 should be addressed to the CIA.
2) The rank that you see is the CIA reported rank, which may habe the following issues:
  a) They assign increasing rank number, alphabetically for countries with the same value of the ranked item, whereas we assign them the same rank.
  b) The CIA sometimes assignes counterintuitive ranks. For example, it assigns unemployment rates in increasing order, whereas we rank them in decreasing order






This page was last modified 08-Feb-19
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