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Panama Geography 2019

SOURCE: 2019 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Panama Geography 2019
SOURCE: 2019 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on February 08, 2019

Location:
Central America, bordering both the Caribbean Sea and the North Pacific Ocean, between Colombia and Costa Rica

Geographic coordinates:
9 00 N, 80 00 W

Map references:
Central America and the Caribbean

Area:
total: 75,420 sq km
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 74,340 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 1,080 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 119

Area - comparative:
slightly smaller than South Carolina


Area comparison map:Area comparison map

slightly smaller than South Carolina

Land boundaries:
total: 687 km
[see also: Land boundaries - total country ranks ]
border countries (2): Colombia 339 km, Costa Rica 348 km

Coastline:
2,490 km
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 12 nm
[see also: Maritime claims - territorial sea country ranks ]
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm or edge of continental margin
[see also: Maritime claims - exclusive economic zone country ranks ]
contiguous zone: 24 nm
[see also: Maritime claims - contiguous zone country ranks ]

Climate:
tropical maritime; hot, humid, cloudy; prolonged rainy season (May to January), short dry season (January to May)
More Climate Details

Terrain:
interior mostly steep, rugged mountains with dissected, upland plains; coastal plains with rolling hills

Elevation:
mean elevation: 360 m
[see also: Elevation - mean elevation country ranks ]
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Pacific Ocean
3475 highest point: Volcan Baru

Natural resources:
copper, mahogany forests, shrimp, hydropower

Land use:
agricultural land: 30.5% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - agricultural land country ranks ]
arable land: 7.3% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - arable land country ranks ]
permanent crops: 2.5% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - permanent crops country ranks ]
permanent pasture: 20.7% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - permanent pasture country ranks ]
forest: 43.6% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - forest country ranks ]
other: 25.9% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
321 sq km (2012)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Population distribution:
population is concentrated towards the center of the country, particularly around the Canal, but a sizeable segment of the populace also lives in the far west around David; the eastern third of the country is sparsely inhabited

Natural hazards:
occasional severe storms and forest fires in the Darien area

Environment - current issues:
water pollution from agricultural runoff threatens fishery resources; deforestation of tropical rain forest; land degradation and soil erosion threatens siltation of Panama Canal; air pollution in urban areas; mining threatens natural resources

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: Marine Life Conservation

Geography - note:
strategic location on eastern end of isthmus forming land bridge connecting North and South America; controls Panama Canal that links North Atlantic Ocean via Caribbean Sea with North Pacific Ocean


NOTE: 1) The information regarding Panama on this page is re-published from the 2019 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Panama Geography 2019 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Panama Geography 2019 should be addressed to the CIA.
2) The rank that you see is the CIA reported rank, which may habe the following issues:
  a) They assign increasing rank number, alphabetically for countries with the same value of the ranked item, whereas we assign them the same rank.
  b) The CIA sometimes assignes counterintuitive ranks. For example, it assigns unemployment rates in increasing order, whereas we rank them in decreasing order






This page was last modified 08-Feb-19
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