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Poland Geography 2019

SOURCE: 2019 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Poland Geography 2019
SOURCE: 2019 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on February 08, 2019

Location:
Central Europe, east of Germany

Geographic coordinates:
52 00 N, 20 00 E

Map references:
Europe

Area:
total: 312,685 sq km
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 304,255 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 8,430 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 71

Area - comparative:
about twice the size of Georgia; slightly smaller than New Mexico


Area comparison map:Area comparison map

about twice the size of Georgia; slightly smaller than New Mexico

Land boundaries:
total: 3,071 km
[see also: Land boundaries - total country ranks ]
border countries (7): Belarus 418 km, Czech Republic 796 km, Germany 467 km, Lithuania 104 km, Russia (Kaliningrad Oblast) 210 km, Slovakia 541 km, Ukraine 535 km

Coastline:
440 km
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 12 nm
[see also: Maritime claims - territorial sea country ranks ]
exclusive economic zone: defined by international treaties
[see also: Maritime claims - exclusive economic zone country ranks ]

Climate:
temperate with cold, cloudy, moderately severe winters with frequent precipitation; mild summers with frequent showers and thundershowers
More Climate Details

Terrain:
mostly flat plain; mountains along southern border

Elevation:
mean elevation: 173 m
[see also: Elevation - mean elevation country ranks ]
elevation extremes: -2 m lowest point: near Raczki Elblaskie
2499 highest point: Rysy

Natural resources:
coal, sulfur, copper, natural gas, silver, lead, salt, amber, arable land

Land use:
agricultural land: 48.2% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - agricultural land country ranks ]
arable land: 36.2% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - arable land country ranks ]
permanent crops: 1.3% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - permanent crops country ranks ]
permanent pasture: 10.7% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - permanent pasture country ranks ]
forest: 30.6% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - forest country ranks ]
other: 21.2% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
970 sq km (2012)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Population distribution:
population concentrated in the southern area around Krakow and the central area around Warsaw and Lodz, with an extension to the northern coastal city of Gdansk

Natural hazards:
flooding

Environment - current issues:
decreased emphasis on heavy industry and increased environmental concern by post-communist governments has improved environment; air pollution remains serious because of emissions from burning low-quality coals in homes and from coal-fired power plants; the resulting acid rain causes forest damage; water pollution from industrial and municipal sources is a problem, as is disposal of hazardous wastes

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Air Pollution, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Seals, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Sulfur 94

Geography - note:
historically, an area of conflict because of flat terrain and the lack of natural barriers on the North European Plain


NOTE: 1) The information regarding Poland on this page is re-published from the 2019 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Poland Geography 2019 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Poland Geography 2019 should be addressed to the CIA.
2) The rank that you see is the CIA reported rank, which may habe the following issues:
  a) They assign increasing rank number, alphabetically for countries with the same value of the ranked item, whereas we assign them the same rank.
  b) The CIA sometimes assignes counterintuitive ranks. For example, it assigns unemployment rates in increasing order, whereas we rank them in decreasing order






This page was last modified 08-Feb-19
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