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Samoa Geography 2019

SOURCE: 2019 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Samoa Geography 2019
SOURCE: 2019 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on February 08, 2019

Location:
Oceania, group of islands in the South Pacific Ocean, about halfway between Hawaii and New Zealand

Geographic coordinates:
13 35 S, 172 20 W

Map references:
Oceania

Area:
total: 2,831 sq km
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 2,821 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 10 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 178

Area - comparative:
slightly smaller than Rhode Island

Land boundaries:
0 km

Coastline:
403 km
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 12 nm
[see also: Maritime claims - territorial sea country ranks ]
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
[see also: Maritime claims - exclusive economic zone country ranks ]
contiguous zone: 24 nm
[see also: Maritime claims - contiguous zone country ranks ]

Climate:
tropical; rainy season (November to April), dry season (May to October)

Terrain:
two main islands (Savaii, Upolu) and several smaller islands and uninhabited islets; narrow coastal plain with volcanic, rugged mountains in interior

Elevation:
0 m lowest point: Pacific Ocean
1857 highest point: Mount Silisili

Natural resources:
hardwood forests, fish, hydropower

Land use:
agricultural land: 12.4% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - agricultural land country ranks ]
arable land: 2.8% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - arable land country ranks ]
permanent crops: 7.8% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - permanent crops country ranks ]
permanent pasture: 1.8% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - permanent pasture country ranks ]
forest: 60.4% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - forest country ranks ]
other: 27.2% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
0 sq km (2012)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Population distribution:
about three-quarters of the population lives on the island of Upolu

Natural hazards:
occasional cyclones; active volcanism

volcanism: Savai'I Island (1,858 m), which last erupted in 1911, is historically active

Environment - current issues:
soil erosion, deforestation, invasive species, overfishing

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography - note:
occupies an almost central position within Polynesia


NOTE: 1) The information regarding Samoa on this page is re-published from the 2019 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Samoa Geography 2019 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Samoa Geography 2019 should be addressed to the CIA.
2) The rank that you see is the CIA reported rank, which may habe the following issues:
  a) They assign increasing rank number, alphabetically for countries with the same value of the ranked item, whereas we assign them the same rank.
  b) The CIA sometimes assignes counterintuitive ranks. For example, it assigns unemployment rates in increasing order, whereas we rank them in decreasing order






This page was last modified 08-Feb-19
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