Senegal-Guinea-Bissau: rebels from the Movement of Democratic Forces in the Casamance find refuge in Guinea-Bissau
refugees (country of origin): 11,502 (Mauritania) (2023)
IDPs: 8,400 (2021)
tier rating: Tier 2 Watch List — Senegal does not fully meet the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking but is making significant efforts to do so; efforts included increasing trafficking investigations, prosecutions, and convictions, as well as training judicial and law enforcement officials; the Minister of Justice released instructions to prosecutors urging them to seek harsher penalties consistent with the 2005 anti-trafficking law; however, the government did not demonstrate overall increasing efforts to increase its anti-trafficking capacity; officials did not investigate, prosecute, or convict traffickers exploiting children in forced begging for the second consecutive year, and did not consistently prosecute alleged traffickers or apply penalties consistent with the 2005 law; the government identified significantly fewer victims and made minimal efforts to identify and refer adult victims to services; because the government has devoted sufficient resources to a written plan that, if implemented, would constitute significant efforts to meet the minimum standards, Senegal was granted a waiver per the TVPA from an otherwise required downgrade to Tier 3 and, therefore, remained on Tier 2 Watch List for the third consecutive year (2022)
trafficking profile: human traffickers exploit domestic and foreign victims in Senegal, and Senegalese abroad; forced begging is the most prevalent form of trafficking in Senegal; corrupt Quranic teachers, or men claiming to be Quranic teachers, force children to beg in the major cities; children and women are exploited in sex trafficking and forced labor in domestic servitude and gold mining; although internal trafficking is most prevalent, boys from Burkina Faso, The Gambia, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, and Mali are exploited in forced begging as well as forced labor in artisanal gold mines; Nigerian women are exploited in sex trafficking in southeastern Senegal’s gold mining region, where women from Senegal, Ghana, Mali, Guinea, and Sierra Leone are also exploited; West African women and girls are forced into domestic servitude and sex trafficking in Senegal, including sex tourism for tourists from Belgium, France, Germany, and other countries; Senegalese women and girls are exploited as domestic servants in neighboring countries, Europe, and the Middle East (2022)
a transit point on the cocaine route from South America to Europe; large production of cannabis in southern Casamance region; the high domestic use of cannabis, crack cocaine and to a lesser extent heroin
NOTE: The information regarding Senegal on this page is re-published from the 2023 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency and other sources. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Senegal 2023 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Senegal 2023 should be addressed to the CIA or the source cited on each page.
This page was last modified 10 Nov 23, Copyright © 2023 ITA all rights reserved.