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Turkmenistan Geography 2019

SOURCE: 2019 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Turkmenistan Geography 2019
SOURCE: 2019 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on February 08, 2019

Location:
Central Asia, bordering the Caspian Sea, between Iran and Kazakhstan

Geographic coordinates:
40 00 N, 60 00 E

Map references:
Asia

Area:
total: 488,100 sq km
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 469,930 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 18,170 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 54

Area - comparative:
slightly more than three times the size of Georgia; slightly larger than California


Area comparison map:Area comparison map

slightly more than three times the size of Georgia; slightly larger than California

Land boundaries:
total: 4,158 km
[see also: Land boundaries - total country ranks ]
border countries (4): Afghanistan 804 km, Iran 1148 km, Kazakhstan 413 km, Uzbekistan 1793 km

Coastline:
0 km (landlocked); note - Turkmenistan borders the Caspian Sea (1,768 km)
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
none (landlocked)

Climate:
subtropical desert
More Climate Details

Terrain:
flat-to-rolling sandy desert with dunes rising to mountains in the south; low mountains along border with Iran; borders Caspian Sea in west

Elevation:
mean elevation: 230 m
[see also: Elevation - mean elevation country ranks ]
elevation extremes: -81 m lowest point: Vpadina Akchanaya (Sarygamysh Koli is a lake in northern Turkmenistan with a water level that fluctuates above and below the elevation of Vpadina Akchanaya, the lake has dropped as low as -110 m)
3139 highest point: Gora Ayribaba

Natural resources:
petroleum, natural gas, sulfur, salt

Land use:
agricultural land: 72% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - agricultural land country ranks ]
arable land: 4.1% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - arable land country ranks ]
permanent crops: 0.1% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - permanent crops country ranks ]
permanent pasture: 67.8% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - permanent pasture country ranks ]
forest: 8.8% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - forest country ranks ]
other: 19.2% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
19,950 sq km (2012)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Population distribution:
the most densely populated areas are the southern, eastern, and northeastern oases; approximately 50% of the population lives in and around the capital of Ashgabat

Natural hazards:
earthquakes; mudslides; droughts; dust storms; floods

Environment - current issues:
contamination of soil and groundwater with agricultural chemicals, pesticides; salination, water logging of soil due to poor irrigation methods; Caspian Sea pollution; diversion of a large share of the flow of the Amu Darya into irrigation contributes to that river's inability to replenish the Aral Sea; soil erosion; desertification

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Hazardous Wastes, Ozone Layer Protection
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography - note:
landlocked; the western and central low-lying desolate portions of the country make up the great Garagum (Kara-Kum) desert, which occupies over 80% of the country; eastern part is plateau


NOTE: 1) The information regarding Turkmenistan on this page is re-published from the 2019 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Turkmenistan Geography 2019 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Turkmenistan Geography 2019 should be addressed to the CIA.
2) The rank that you see is the CIA reported rank, which may habe the following issues:
  a) They assign increasing rank number, alphabetically for countries with the same value of the ranked item, whereas we assign them the same rank.
  b) The CIA sometimes assignes counterintuitive ranks. For example, it assigns unemployment rates in increasing order, whereas we rank them in decreasing order






This page was last modified 08-Feb-19
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