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Yemen People - 2024


GEOGRAPHICAL NAMES  Spanish Simplified Chinese French German Russian Hindi Arabic Portuguese


31,565,602 (2023 est.)


noun: Yemeni(s)

adjective: Yemeni

Ethnic groups

predominantly Arab; but also Afro-Arab, South Asian, European


Arabic (official); note - a distinct Socotri language is widely used on Socotra Island and Archipelago; Mahri is still fairly widely spoken in eastern Yemen

major-language sample(s):
كتاب حقائق العالم، المصدر الذي لا يمكن الاستغناء عنه للمعلومات الأساسية (Arabic)

The World Factbook, the indispensable source for basic information.

Arabic audio sample:


Muslim 99.1% (official; virtually all are citizens, an estimated 65% are Sunni and 35% are Shia), other 0.9% (includes Jewish, Baha'i, Hindu, and Christian; many are refugees or temporary foreign residents) (2020 est.)

Age structure

0-14 years: 35.14% (male 5,641,548/female 5,449,491)

15-64 years: 61.52% (male 9,829,725/female 9,590,956)

65 years and over: 3.34% (2023 est.) (male 464,548/female 589,334)

2023 population pyramid:

Dependency ratios

total dependency ratio: 71.7

youth dependency ratio: 69.4

elderly dependency ratio: 4.7

potential support ratio: 19.9 (2021 est.)

Median age

total: 21.6 years (2023 est.)

male: 21.5 years

female: 21.8 years

Population growth rate

1.83% (2023 est.)

Birth rate

24.1 births/1,000 population (2023 est.)

Death rate

5.5 deaths/1,000 population (2023 est.)

Net migration rate

-0.2 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2023 est.)

Population distribution

the vast majority of the population is found in the Asir Mountains (part of the larger Sarawat Mountain system), located in the far western region of the country


urban population: 39.8% of total population (2023)

rate of urbanization: 3.71% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)

Major urban areas - population

3.292 million SANAA (capital), 1.080 million Aden, 941,000 Taiz, 772,000 Ibb (2023)

Sex ratio

at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female

0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 1.02 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.79 male(s)/female

total population: 1.02 male(s)/female (2023 est.)

Mother's mean age at first birth

20.8 years (2013 est.)

note: data represents median age at first birth among women 25-49

Maternal mortality ratio

183 deaths/100,000 live births (2020 est.)

Infant mortality rate

total: 45.5 deaths/1,000 live births (2023 est.)

male: 50.9 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 40 deaths/1,000 live births

Life expectancy at birth

total population: 67.8 years (2023 est.)

male: 65.5 years

female: 70.3 years

Total fertility rate

2.91 children born/woman (2023 est.)

Gross reproduction rate

1.42 (2023 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

33.5% (2013)

Drinking water source

improved: urban: 98.5% of population

rural: 84.2% of population

total: 99.6% of population

unimproved: urban: 1.5% of population

rural: 15.8% of population

total: 10.4% of population (2020 est.)

Current health expenditure

4.3% of GDP (2015)

Physicians density

0.53 physicians/1,000 population (2014)

Hospital bed density

0.7 beds/1,000 population (2017)

Sanitation facility access

improved: urban: 83.5% of population

rural: 44.2% of population

total: 59.1% of population

unimproved: urban: 16.5% of population

rural: 55.8% of population

total: 40.9% of population (2020 est.)

Major infectious diseases

degree of risk: high (2023)

food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever

vectorborne diseases: dengue fever, malaria, and sexually transmitted diseases: hepatitis B (2024)

water contact diseases: schistosomiasis

note: on 31 August 2022, the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) issued a Travel Alert for polio in Asia; Yemen is currently considered a high risk to travelers for circulating vaccine-derived polioviruses (cVDPV); vaccine-derived poliovirus (VDPV) is a strain of the weakened poliovirus that was initially included in oral polio vaccine (OPV) and that has changed over time and behaves more like the wild or naturally occurring virus; this means it can be spread more easily to people who are unvaccinated against polio and who come in contact with the stool or respiratory secretions, such as from a sneeze, of an “infected” person who received oral polio vaccine; the CDC recommends that before any international travel, anyone unvaccinated, incompletely vaccinated, or with an unknown polio vaccination status should complete the routine polio vaccine series; before travel to any high-risk destination, the CDC recommends that adults who previously completed the full, routine polio vaccine series receive a single, lifetime booster dose of polio vaccine

Obesity - adult prevalence rate

17.1% (2016)

Alcohol consumption per capita

total: 0.02 liters of pure alcohol (2019 est.)

beer: 0.02 liters of pure alcohol (2019 est.)

wine: 0 liters of pure alcohol (2019 est.)

spirits: 0 liters of pure alcohol (2019 est.)

other alcohols: 0 liters of pure alcohol (2019 est.)

Tobacco use

total: 20.3% (2020 est.)

male: 32.5% (2020 est.)

female: 8.1% (2020 est.)

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

39.9% (2013)

Currently married women (ages 15-49)

60.4% (2023 est.)

Education expenditures



definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 70.1%

male: 85.1%

female: 55% (2015)

NOTE: The information regarding Yemen on this page is re-published from the 2024 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency and other sources. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Yemen 2024 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Yemen 2024 should be addressed to the CIA or the source cited on each page.

This page was last modified 04 May 24, Copyright © 2024 ITA all rights reserved.