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    Brunei Economy - 2003
    https://theodora.com/wfb2003/brunei/brunei_economy.html
    SOURCE: 2003 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Economy - overview: This small, wealthy economy encompasses a mixture of foreign and domestic entrepreneurship, government regulation, welfare measures, and village tradition. Crude oil and natural gas production account for nearly half of GDP. Per capita GDP is far above most other Third World countries, and substantial income from overseas investment supplements income from domestic production. The government provides for all medical services and subsidizes rice and housing. Brunei's leaders are concerned that steadily increased integration in the world economy will undermine internal social cohesion, although it became a more prominent player by serving as chairman for the 2000 APEC (Asian Pacific Economic Cooperation) forum. Plans for the future include upgrading the labor force, reducing unemployment, strengthening the banking and tourist sectors, and, in general, further widening the economic base beyond oil and gas.


      GDP: purchasing power parity - $6.5 billion (2002 est.)


      GDP - real growth rate: 3% (2002 est.)


      GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $18,600 (2002 est.)


      GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 5%
      industry: 45%
      services: 50% (2001 est.)


      Population below poverty line: NA%


      Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: NA%
      highest 10%: NA%


      Inflation rate (consumer prices): -2% (2002 est.)


      Labor force: 143,400
      note: includes foreign workers and military personnel; temporary residents make up about 40% of labor force (1999 est.)


      Labor force - by occupation: government 48%, production of oil, natural gas, services, and construction 42%, agriculture, forestry, and fishing 10% (1999 est.)


      Unemployment rate: 10% (2001 est.)


      Budget: revenues: $2.5 billion
      expenditures: $2.6 billion, including capital expenditures of $1.35 billion (1997 est.)


      Industries: petroleum, petroleum refining, liquefied natural gas, construction


      Industrial production growth rate: 5% (2002 est.)


      Electricity - production: 2.497 billion kWh (2001)


      Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 100%
      hydro: 0%
      other: 0% (2001)
      nuclear: 0%


      Electricity - consumption: 2.322 billion kWh (2001)


      Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2001)


      Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2001)


      Oil - production: 217,200 bbl/day (2001 est.)


      Oil - consumption: 13,000 bbl/day (2001 est.)


      Oil - exports: NA


      Oil - imports: NA


      Oil - proved reserves: 1.255 billion bbl (January 2002 est.)


      Natural gas - proved reserves: 315 billion cu m (January 2002 est.)


      Agriculture - products: rice, vegetables, fruits, chickens, water buffalo


      Exports: $3 billion f.o.b. (2000 est.)


      Exports - commodities: crude oil, natural gas, refined products


      Exports - partners: Japan 40.8%, South Korea 13.2, Thailand 12.3, Australia 9.3, US 8.3, Singapore 5.8, China 4.8 (2002)


      Imports: $1.4 billion c.i.f. (2000 est.)


      Imports - commodities: machinery and transport equipment, manufactured goods, food, chemicals


      Imports - partners: Singapore 31.1, Japan 21.6, Malaysia 18.3, UK 6.2, Hong Kong 3.8, US 3.2 (2002)


      Debt - external: $0


      Economic aid - recipient: $4.3 million (1995)


      Currency: Bruneian dollar (BND)


      Currency code: BND


      Exchange rates: Bruneian dollars per US dollar - 1.7906 (2002), 1.7917 (2001), 1.724 (2000), 1.695 (1999), 1.6736 (1998)


      Fiscal year: calendar year


      NOTE: The information regarding Brunei on this page is re-published from the 2003 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Guinea Geography 2003 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Brunei Economy 2003 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    https://theodora.com/wfb2003/brunei/brunei_economy.html

    Revised 20-Sep-03
    Copyright © 2003 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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