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    Brunei Government - 2003
    https://theodora.com/wfb2003/brunei/brunei_government.html
    SOURCE: 2003 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Country name: conventional long form: Negara Brunei Darussalam
      conventional short form: Brunei


      Government type: constitutional sultanate


      Capital: Bandar Seri Begawan


      Administrative divisions: 4 districts (daerah-daerah, singular - daerah); Belait, Brunei and Muara, Temburong, Tutong


      Independence: 1 January 1984 (from UK)


      National holiday: National Day, 23 February (1984); note - 1 January 1984 was the date of independence from the UK, 23 February 1984 was the date of independence from British protection


      Constitution: 29 September 1959 (some provisions suspended under a State of Emergency since December 1962, others since independence on 1 January 1984)


      Legal system: based on English common law; for Muslims, Islamic Shari'a law supersedes civil law in a number of areas


      Suffrage: none


      Executive branch: chief of state: Sultan and Prime Minister Sir HASSANAL Bolkiah (since 5 October 1967); note - the monarch is both the chief of state and head of government
      head of government: Sultan and Prime Minister Sir HASSANAL Bolkiah (since 5 October 1967); note - the monarch is both the chief of state and head of government
      cabinet: Council of Cabinet Ministers appointed and presided over by the monarch; deals with executive matters; note - there is also a Religious Council (members appointed by the monarch) that advises on religious matters, a Privy Council (members appointed by the monarch) that deals with constitutional matters, and the Council of Succession (members appointed by the monarch) that determines the succession to the throne if the need arises
      elections: none; the monarch is hereditary


      Legislative branch: unicameral Legislative Council or Majlis Masyuarat Megeri (a privy council that serves only in a consultative capacity; NA seats; members appointed by the monarch)
      elections: last held in March 1962
      note: in 1970 the Council was changed to an appointive body by decree of the monarch; an elected Legislative Council is being considered as part of constitutional reform, but elections are unlikely for several years


      Judicial branch: Supreme Court (chief justice and judges are sworn in by the monarch for three-year terms)


      Political parties and leaders: Brunei Solidarity National Party or PPKB in Malay [Haji Mohd HATTA bin Haji Zainal Abidin, president]; note - the PPKB is the only legal political party in Brunei; it was registered in 1985 but became largely inactive after 1988; it was revived in 1995 and again in 1998; it has less than 200 registered party members; other parties include Brunei People's Party or PRB (banned in 1962) and Brunei National Democratic Party (registered in May 1965, deregistered by the Brunei Government in 1988)


      Political pressure groups and leaders: NA


      International organization participation: APEC, ARF, ASEAN, C, ESCAP, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDB, IFRCS, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, ISO (correspondent), ITU, NAM, OIC, OPCW, UN, UNCTAD, UPU, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTrO


      Diplomatic representation in the US: chief of mission: Ambassador PUTEH ibni Mohammad Alam
      FAX: [1] (202) 885-0560
      telephone: [1] (202) 237-1838
      chancery: 3520 International Court NW, Washington, DC 20008


      Diplomatic representation from the US: chief of mission: Ambassador Gene B. CHRISTY
      embassy: Third Floor, Teck Guan Plaza, Jalan Sultan, Bandar Seri Begawan
      mailing address: PSC 470 (BSB), FPO AP 96507
      telephone: [673] (2) 229670
      FAX: [673] (2) 225293


      Flag description: yellow with two diagonal bands of white (top, almost double width) and black starting from the upper hoist side; the national emblem in red is superimposed at the center; the emblem includes a swallow-tailed flag on top of a winged column within an upturned crescent above a scroll and flanked by two upraised hands


      NOTE: The information regarding Brunei on this page is re-published from the 2003 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Guinea Geography 2003 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Brunei Government 2003 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    https://theodora.com/wfb2003/brunei/brunei_government.html

    Revised 20-Sep-03
    Copyright © 2003 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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