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Cambodia Geography 2019

SOURCE: 2019 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Cambodia Geography 2019
SOURCE: 2019 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on February 08, 2019

Location:
Southeastern Asia, bordering the Gulf of Thailand, between Thailand, Vietnam, and Laos

Geographic coordinates:
13 00 N, 105 00 E

Map references:
Southeast Asia

Area:
total: 181,035 sq km
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 176,515 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 4,520 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 91

Area - comparative:
one and a half times the size of Pennsylvania; slightly smaller than Oklahoma


Area comparison map:Area comparison map

one and a half times the size of Pennsylvania; slightly smaller than Oklahoma

Land boundaries:
total: 2,530 km
[see also: Land boundaries - total country ranks ]
border countries (3): Laos 555 km, Thailand 817 km, Vietnam 1158 km

Coastline:
443 km
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 12 nm
[see also: Maritime claims - territorial sea country ranks ]
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
[see also: Maritime claims - exclusive economic zone country ranks ]
contiguous zone: 24 nm
[see also: Maritime claims - contiguous zone country ranks ]
continental shelf: 200 nm
[see also: Maritime claims - continental shelf country ranks ]

Climate:
tropical; rainy, monsoon season (May to November); dry season (December to April); little seasonal temperature variation
More Climate Details

Terrain:
mostly low, flat plains; mountains in southwest and north

Elevation:
mean elevation: 126 m
[see also: Elevation - mean elevation country ranks ]
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Gulf of Thailand
1810 highest point: Phnum Aoral

Natural resources:
oil and gas, timber, gemstones, iron ore, manganese, phosphates, hydropower potential, arable land

Land use:
agricultural land: 32.1% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - agricultural land country ranks ]
arable land: 22.7% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - arable land country ranks ]
permanent crops: 0.9% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - permanent crops country ranks ]
permanent pasture: 8.5% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - permanent pasture country ranks ]
forest: 56.5% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - forest country ranks ]
other: 11.4% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
3,540 sq km (2012)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Population distribution:
population concentrated in the southeast, particularly in and around the capital of Phnom Penh; further distribution is linked closely to the Tonle Sap and Mekong Rivers

Natural hazards:
monsoonal rains (June to November); flooding; occasional droughts

Environment - current issues:
illegal logging activities throughout the country and strip mining for gems in the western region along the border with Thailand have resulted in habitat loss and declining biodiversity (in particular, destruction of mangrove swamps threatens natural fisheries); soil erosion; in rural areas, most of the population does not have access to potable water; declining fish stocks because of illegal fishing and overfishing; coastal ecosystems choked by sediment washed loose from deforested areas inland

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea

Geography - note:
a land of paddies and forests dominated by the Mekong River and Tonle Sap (Southeast Asia's largest freshwater lake)


NOTE: 1) The information regarding Cambodia on this page is re-published from the 2019 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Cambodia Geography 2019 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Cambodia Geography 2019 should be addressed to the CIA.
2) The rank that you see is the CIA reported rank, which may habe the following issues:
  a) They assign increasing rank number, alphabetically for countries with the same value of the ranked item, whereas we assign them the same rank.
  b) The CIA sometimes assignes counterintuitive ranks. For example, it assigns unemployment rates in increasing order, whereas we rank them in decreasing order






This page was last modified 08-Feb-19
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